Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5) is one of the 8 water-soluble B vitamins and is converted to Pantethine in the body. Pantethine is not a vitamin. B Complex vitamins, including Pantothenic Acid, work to support and promote energy metabolism in the body. Pantothenic Acid also supports and maintains a healthy nervous system.
Vitamin B5 is available in many foods including animal products, green leafy vegetables and unprocessed grains, however, it is broken down during processing of foods. Bacteria in the colon also make pantothenic acid but it isn’t known whether people absorb their own self manufactured B5 in significant amounts. Pantothenic Acid is needed in the manufacture of Coenzyme A (CoA) an acyl carrier protein (ACP), two compounds that are critical in burning fats and carbohydrates in energy metabolism. Pantothenic acid not only helps the body convert carbohydrates to Glucose (for energy) but also helps the body use stored fats. For this reason, it is commonly used for sports performance amongst sportspeople. It is also used by the body to make proteins, hormones, red blood cells and neurotransmitters including acetylcholine.