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Biophotonics Dr. Hugo Niggli und Dr. Max Bracher

The term biophotonics is made up of two Greek words: “bios” and “phos”. “Bios” means life and “phos” stands for light.

Biophotonics addresses medical and human science questions in the form of light based technologies. Both microscopic and spectroscopic methods belong to this, as well as the use of lasers to explain biological processes on a cellular level.

The main point of biophotonic research is the application of the characteristics of light on food production, pharmacy, bio-technology and medicine. With the help of light, images of microscopically small processes within living cells can be observed quickly and undisturbed.

At the international institute for biophotonics, fundamental research about biophotonic analysis (IBB) is being carried out under the direction of Professor Popp.

All living organisms consist of cells, whether bacterium, plant, animal or human. In the case of unicellular protozoa, the entire organism is constituted by a single cell, whereas in the case of multi-cellular metazoans, cells form the fundamental structural unit of which the entire body is made up. The shape and size of cells are dependent on function and location within the cellular aggregation. Cells are generally between 0,1 and 100 µm in size (1 µm = 1 thousandth of a millimeter). Some of the largest cells are animal egg cells. The numbers of cells in an organism are, of course, related to body size. An adult human being should consist of around 100 trillion (100 x 10^12) cells. Cells can be grown outside of the organism, a technique developed by the Nobel Prize winner for medicine in 1912, Alexis Carrel (1873-1944). Cell cultures have become more and more important since the beginning of the twentieth century, particularly in medical, biological and biochemical research.

As an example, this technique was used to study the biological effect of ultraviolet light (UV light) on cells. UV light is subdivided into three bands: UVA (320-400 nm), UVB (290-320 nm) and UVC (<290 nm). UVC is filtered out by the ozone layer of the stratosphere and therefore practically never reaches the surface of the earth. UVC and UVB are able to induce mutations of the genome and can easily cause skin cancer after intense exposure to sun in individuals suffering from Xeroderma Pigmentosum, a well known genetic disease. Interestingly, such genetic mutations are reversible by UVA and violet light by means of the so-called photo repair.

Cell culture technique allows human or animal cells to stay alive outside of the organism and to proliferate during many generations. As an example, skin cells are very easy to cultivate. The dermis contains mainly fibroblasts, which are most suitable to grow. Skin fibroblasts experience a differentiation similar to the development of blood cells. Starting from an omnipotent stem cell, a highly differentiated, specialized cell develops which is not able to divide any more. A complete fibroblast model for differentiation, aging and cancer was developed by the above-mentioned German cell biologist Klaus Bayreuther at the end of the 1980´s.

The light in the cells: Biophotons Some years before, in 1983, the two natural scientists Nagl (cell biologist) and Popp (biophysicist) introduced an electromagnetic model of cell differentiation. This model was based on the conclusion, that the radiation of cells can be measured by the above-mentioned technique of photomultipliers. With this technique, an electron is emitted after the absorption of a photon by a photomultiplier cathode. This electron is amplified like an avalanche by several, series-connected, dynodes. Then the resulting electron stream hits the anode and is registered as an electric measurement. With this technique, the Italian scientists Colli and co-workers were already able to provide evidence of ultra-weak light in plant cells in the middle of the 1950´s. Even earlier, at the beginning of the1920´s, the scientist Alexander G. Gurwitch (1874-1954) discovered this ultra-weak cell radiation by dividing onion cells in a biological experiment without a light-measuring tool and postulated that live organisms communicate by means of light. This concept was corroborated by the Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger, who obtained the Nobel Prize in physics in 1933, and who is actually considered as the originator of quantum theory. He claimed that a live organism can only conserve its high level of organization because it is perpetually obtaining order from the environment. According to Schrödinger it is sunlight which finally provides this order. In the1950´s, the physicist Herbert Fröhlich (1905-1991) completed this idea by introducing the concept of coherence of living systems. It is a question of light with a high degree of organization, of so-called biological laser light. The radiation of such a system is very calm, featuring a stable intensity. The fluctuations normally occurring with light are minimal. Based on the stable field strength of its waves, they are able to superpose; whereby certain effects are enabled that don’t occur with normal light. The light field of such a laser exhibits a high degree of order and therefore is able to generate order and to transfer information. In the early 1970´s, the German biophysicist Fritz-Albert Popp, the Japanese researcher Inaba and the Australian natural scientist Quickenden independently provided evidence for these postulated light fields in various live organisms, using highly sensitive photomultipliers. This was the confirmation of cell radiation by modern scientific experiments. Fritz-Albert Popp named this cell radiation biophotons (derived from the Greek “bios”: life and “phos”: light, power). His new research on biophotons led to the conclusion, that all live cells emit a weak light which generates order (so-called coherent light), and this contains information on the condition of the organism, its inner processes and actions.

Fritz-Albert Popp, the theoretical biophysicist from Marburg, was mainly interested in the interactions of light and biological systems. As a student, he worked in the same house, sometimes even in the same room, as Wilhelm Röntgen (1845-1923) who discovered that X-rays (in German: Röntgenstrahlen) are able to generate images of our body’s skeleton. There he developed a method of irradiation that could predict which chemicals had a carcinogenic potential: which were those absorbing ultraviolet A-light (UVA) in the range of 380 nm and which were, at the same time, changing the frequency. He summarized his findings in a publication of a reputable scientific journal. His hypothesis, that ultra-weak UVA-light was produced somewhere in the body, was revolutionary. If light does exist in the body, why hasn’t natural science discovered this yet?

To prove that cells are emitting light, Popp constructed a highly sensitive device for the detection of light, together with the young physicist Bernhard Ruth who, under his supervision, carried out the first PhD thesis in the field of ultra-weak radiation. With the aid of a very sensitive photomultiplier the two scientists were able to measure light emitted by a firefly at a distance of 10 km. In 1976 the first experiment with plant cells was performed. Ruth had grown cucumber seedlings and put them into the measurement chamber of the highly sensitive apparatus, which indicated that the germinated seeds emitted light of an astonishingly high intensity. Ruth was extremely skeptical and ascribed this to the light converting chlorophyll, which is responsible for the green color of plants. Therefore, the researchers decided to use potato seedlings for the next experiment, which could be cultivated in the dark. However, the sensitive photomultiplier registered light quanta as well, their intensity being even higher. Thus the theory of the interfering photosynthesis in the chlorophyll could be excluded.

This was the hour of birth of biophotonic analysis, and at the beginning of the eighties of the twentieth century Popp and his coworkers developed a model to demonstrate, why there was needed only a minuscule part (about 2 %) of the genetic material (DNA) in the cell nucleus for the buildup and maintenance of the body. They have shown by experiments and calculations, that these genetic structures, which were thought to be without a specific function up until to now, were responsible for the controlling of the highly complex mechanisms inside the cell by the auto-radiation of their own. Following the findings of Popp, in the nucleus the helically shaped genetic material acts as a biological laser obtaining its energy from the food in the form of photons (via the so called radical reactions as proposed by the Russian chemist Vladimir Voeikov). It became clear as well, that normal human cells have the capacity to accumulate the ultra-weak energy of light transferred to them and to utilize it for their own complex processes of life. Morbid cells for instance, loose this ability and indicate by increased emission of biophotons, that their capacity to store energy of light is defective. Similar events are happening in the cells during the processes of aging. As in the case of cancer cells, the cellular toxins accumulated during the years, and often leading to deposits of cellular debris in the tissues (e.g. arteriosclerosis in blood vessels), induce the increased emission of biophotons.

To propel forward the science of biophotonics, Fritz-Albert Popp and Karl-Heinrich Müller established in the mid-nineties a Center of Biophotonics at a former rocket station close to Neuss (nearby Düsseldorf, Germany), constituting a worldwide network of scientists from China, Holland, India, Italy, Japan, Russia, Switzerland and the United States of America. Karl-Heinrich Müller is also the founder and initiator of the nearby Island of Museum and Art “Hombroich”, a paradisiacal garden and dreamland of bewitching beauty.

Due to this scientific network, since 2001 the analysis of biophotonics was brought to the highest level of photomultiplier technique with the ARETUSA method in cooperation with the biophysicist Francesco Musumeci from Catania (Italy) at the Sicilian Center of Nuclear Science (LNS-INFN). ARETUSA is a new highly sensitive method allowing for the first time to measure the spectrum of ultra-weak photon emission in human cells, which was made possible by a crucial improvement of the technique of light measurement. The spectral distribution of biophoton emission after laser irradiation in the ultraviolet range was measured with a sensitive filter system. The maximum excitation was found in the visible light range of 500 – 600 nm, confirming the earlier findings of Popp and his coworkers concerning the differences between normal and cancer cells.

At present, there is a cooperation with the photo- and cell biologist Lee Laurent-Applegate from the University Hospital of Lausanne (Switzerland) to demonstrate, how the light is trapped by the cell and then utilized for the regulation of biochemical reactions. In this procedure probably similar photochemical processes are playing a decisive role as they are known for more than 30 years in the human eye, where tiniest light particles are trapped by vitamin A and then transformed to biochemical reactions. In the cell, the equivalent of the eye is represented by the genetic material (DNA), which can activate a cascade of biochemical reactions by sunlight-induced photobiological rearrangements. In connection with this, the American dermatologist Barbara Gilchrest has discovered in the mid-nineties, that sunlight-induced photochemical reactions in the DNA can activate e.g. the synthesis of melanin, a pigment responsible for our natural sunlight-activated tanning. With this she laid the essential foundation for a biochemical cascade model, which demonstrates, how biochemical reactions can be started with the help of cell light, to control the cell functions and our physical health, at last.

Biophotons as a bridge to vitality? By the insights of biophotonics, the conventional conception of the organism as a being well separated from the environment can be replaced by the vision of openness and transparency of the individuals existing in a state of permanent exchange or interdependence actually. Moreover, the presumption is corroborated that in our organism as well as in the environment, in addition to electromagnetic fields there are probably existing further largely unknown and immeasurable fields as they were already proposed by Carl Huter. This German anthropologist assumed in the year of 1904 already, that all living existence is based on radiation, and as a vision he saw the light controlling and coordinating all processes in the living cell. Brilliantly, he postulated that matter consisted not only of the two qualities of static (magnetic force in the atomic nucleus) and dynamic energy (electrical power in the electron sheath of the atomic model ), but also carried a spiritual energy. As a hypothesis, he positioned this “sensitive energy” as an elementary power into the physical matter, and according to his opinion this energy evolved into an increasing consciousness, developing from elementary particles via atoms and molecules up to the vital force of the living cell. With his hypothesis of the “sensitive energy” as a third elementary power besides the static and dynamic energy, a door was opened to the “subtle fields” as proposed by Albert Einstein. Also the energy of life “Chi” in the Chinese medical science and acupuncture belongs to this area. Similar views are found in all medical traditions of the cultures all over the world. Also the occidental medicine, from Hippokrates, the Greek founder of medical science, up to the romantic period of the early 19th century, acted on the assumption of the existence of such a vital force, and it was thought to be the principal duty of medical practitioners to support the modulating and healing power of it. The radiation of biophotons seems to be strongly coupled with this vital force of all creatures and represents its content of high-grade energy and potential information as a physical quantity to be measured.

N-Acetyl Glucosamine Supplement Overview

23 June, 2016 Posted by: ICNE


N-Acetyl Glucosamine is widely available in the form of dietary supplements to help alleviate symptoms of some diseases. It is generally a white, sweet tasting powder and is manufactured into tablets or capsules.

N-Acetyl Glucosamine (NAG) is an amino monosaccharide with molecular formula C8H15NO6, and forms the building blocks of some carbohydrates found in nature. NAG is also a component of glycoproteins, proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans (i.e. hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulphate and keratan sulphate), which are all involved in the repair and maintenance of cartilage and joint function

Sources of NAG for use in dietary supplements

NAG monomers polymerise to form chitin. Chitin is thought to be one of the most abundant sources of carbohydrates and one of the most common sources of chitin, and therefore NAG, is crustacean shells.

Production of NAG for use in dietary supplements, can be by derivatisation of NAG from chitin. Acid hydrolysis is used to deacetylate and breakdown chitin into glucosamine. The glucosamine produced is then converted into NAG by chemical acetylation.

Therapeutic uses of NAG dietary supplements

It has been suggested that dietary supplementation of NAG may assist in a variety of ailments. For example, NAG may help to alleviate symptoms of joint damage in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, cartilage damage and joint injury. It is thought that as NAG is a building block of proteoglycans, which are found within the matrix of articular cartilage, that supplementation of NAG may help rebuild damaged joint tissue.

It has also been speculated that NAG supplements may improve symptoms of irritable bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease. Inclusion of supplemented NAGs in the protective structure of the gut mucosa, may help to prevent inflammatory processes involved in these diseases.

NAGs have also been used in cosmetics in terms of rebuilding HA in the dermis to retain water in the skin, and for hyperpigmentation by reducing melanin production.




Dear All


It was great to see you all at the seminar on Saturday and I hope that you now have a better understanding of the extent of toxic metals that we are exposed to and absorb.  Also the levels of radiation that we are bombarded with in our daily lives.  Although we should appreciate the wonderful discovery that Mother Earth has given us in the Essential minerals which will keep all the toxic elements at bay!

We saw with Julie that she had absorbed high levels of arsenic and cadmium but the answer to her detoxification problems was colloidal zinc and colloidal selenium.

Selenium works by recycling glutathione with the enzyme glutathione peroxidase so increases our potential to detoxify.  Glutathione being the major free radical scavenger in the body.  It also works to convert T4 to T3 for the thyroid hormone pathway.

In your manuals we have given you information on most of the common toxic elements and essential elements for your reference, so plenty of bedtime reading!!

It’s good to remember that the main detrimental effects of toxic metals are on the energy production pathway and the oxygen production as in the synthesis of heme.  Heme is involved in the production of many enzymes such as haemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochrome C in energy production, cytochrome P450 in liver detoxification and catalase in the immune system.   This is where the main damage to our health will occur when exposed to toxic elements.

People with high levels of toxic metals are also more susceptible to absorbing radiation and being adversely affected by geopathic stress. Some of the adverse effects of the body being exposed to high electrical fields at night is that our bodies need to detoxify and we don’t want constant detrimental signals hitting us as this will close the receptors and prevent detoxification of toxic elements.  Being exposed to electromagnetic stress encourages moulds, bacteria and viruses to proliferate because they think they are under attack and they fight back by multiplying. So exposure to electromagnetic radiation affects our detoxification and immune systems.

In clinical practice we find that the majority of our patients seem to have high levels of toxic metals.  The most common ones that we find are aluminium, nickel, mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic, chlorine.  Although yesterday I treated an existing patient who has always been problematic and she showed to 14 toxic metals, so hopefully detoxifying these will significantly improve her health.  Now that we find the definitive meridian with the new procedure we are finding a lot more deep seated toxicity.

The most common essential minerals that patients are deficient in are zinc, selenium and these negate the toxic metals that they have absorbed.  The main chelating remedies that we also use are:

Alpha lipoic acid

Taurine in conjunction with colloidal silver.  The dose that we find is 3 taurine capsules and 10ml of colloidal silver taken 15 minutes before breakfast but always good to muscle test.

A new remedy that we find to be very effective is Ornithine and Succinic acid capsules. 

Ornithine alone may be effective for some patients.

If patients strengthen to the sulphur emission then we can look at the following products:

Methionine capsules

Cysteine capsules

Glutathione reduced capsules

Taurine capsules

MSN capsules

Nutrient Phase 1 & 2


There was a lot of interest amongst you for more workshops in Marlow.  They can be tricky to organise during the summer time but looking at my diary I could do Wednesday July 20th, Wednesday August 3rd or Wednesday August 24th.  If any of these are of interest please let me know and if I have the numbers I can put these on.


Best wishes





Dear All



It was wonderful to see you all on Saturday and Sunday and we really enjoyed the Irish hospitality as usual! I hope you now have a new respect for all those good guys living in your gut and looking after your health!

The majority of the biome is centred in the gut so we spent a fair amount of time in assessing the gut.  Many people don’t have the necessary enzymes to break down the food in the first place which does not give the biome a chance to flourish – the undigested food just feeds the bad guys down in the gut.

A great way to get instantly into testing the gut is to use the 2 flexures that we demonstrated on Saturday – the Hepatic flexure or the Splenic flexure. To check the digestion in the stomach we test:

From weakness test Pepsin

If strong we need to determine whether the patient needs HCl or HCl and Pepsin

So from weakness if patient is strong to HCl test vial and strong to Pepsinogen test vial then they need the product Betaine HCl and Pepsin.

From weakness if patient is strong only to HCl test vial and not to Pepsinogen test vial then they need the product Betaine HCl.

If they are not producing HCl then they will not be producing Intrinsic factor so check their B12 levels.

To check the gall bladder function we test for Bile salts.

The important digestive enzymes produced in the pancreas are really vital to test as so many people are deficient in one or more of these with devastating consequences for the biome. We test Amylase for the breakdown of starches, Lipase for the breakdown of fats and Protease for the breakdown of proteins. Test for these from weakness.

The important issue to remember when treating our patients is to only give them the enzymes that they need.  Combination products do not test positively unless the person needs all the enzymes in that product. For example, for the pancreatic enzymes, if the patient shows as needing Protease, then only give the Protease product not a combination.

It is always worth testing for a probiotic or gut flora as we have to call them – we now have over 21 individual probiotics. Not only are these great for bowel function and protecting against parasites, building up all aspects of the immune system – they also are a store of genetic material for us to stimulate the production of our own enzymes.  Many of these probiotics allow us to make our own digestive enzymes so a good approach is to give the digestive enzyme/s they require for a month and the appropriate probiotic/s and re-test after a month and you will generally find that they no longer need to take the digestive enzyme.


A clinical pearl which really helps our patients with parasite problems is that they are probably not digesting their proteins so are short in HCl and/or pepsin and/or protease.  When treating these patients as well as treating the intestines with say Wormwood, AP formula, Black walnut capsules or Smart Iodides - it is really worth doing a two pronged attack and giving them products to break down their proteins.  Otherwise it will be a vicious circle of undigested proteins feeding the parasites.  Similarly for fungus overgrowth as well as treating the fungus check that they are breaking down their starches with sufficient Amylase.  Patients who always require lots of essential fatty acids are probably not breaking down their fats so check for Lipase deficiency. 

When using the enzyme products – Amylase, Lipase and Protease – the capsules need to be opened up and the powder mixed in water and drunk before eating.  If you forget then they can be taken during the meal but much better before.  Betaine HCl and Betaine HCl and Pepsin do not need to be opened up, they can be taken as capsules and should be taken with food.

Colloidal Zinc is a ‘must’ for people who do not produce their enzymes – all of the digestive enzymes including HCl and pepsin require zinc for their production.  In our recent clinical research we were greatly surprised as to how many patients showed to this great form of zinc.  Have a play with the colloidal zinc and the other colloidal minerals and see how often this form of the minerals shows up with patients – you will be amazed how often they show and you may have missed the fact that your patient needs one of the minerals by not testing these forms.

The wonderful benefits of those prebiotic vegetables cause our biome to flourish.  The prebiotics act as a substrate for the good bacteria to ferment and produce those really useful short chain fatty acids. The prebiotics and SCFA as well as helping enormously with digestion and bowel function have many beneficial repercussions far beyond the gut.  Recent research has revealed anti-cancer benefits, immune system regulation including anti-inflammatory properties, protection in terms of increased barrier function and reduction in oxidative stress – and best of all helping us to feel full and eat less!

We now have the full spectrum prebiotic product Inulin which is organic Jerusalem Artichoke.  This will feed all of the good bacteria down in all areas of the colon making the most of the good bacteria we have there.  A really important factor about this prebiotic product is that it is organic – this is of paramount importance so that we are not introducing toxins into the gut and the rest of the body – remember about Microbiome disturbance.

Then to the Stars of the Show – the Probiotics.  The very quick test to check if a patient would benefit from probiotics is firm pressure on the root of the mesentery – approx. 5 cm below the navel. – see the diagram in the notes.  You can then test with our newly extended range of probiotics.   As well as our combination probiotic product Smart Probiotic which is a blend of 7 common probiotics we now have our “Super 12” Smart Probiotic – which is the ultimate collection of probiotics to nourish the biome. Coming on board in the next week or 2 will be the ability for you as practitioners to tailor make a probiotic mix for your patients.  We will be doing the probiotics in sachets so that you can mix and match for each patient, we will also provide a pot to put them in.  This is a unique service for us as a company and will provide an amazing solution for your patients which they will not be able to get anywhere else.  We will let you know when this is available.

For the more adventurous amongst you, Chris talked about HTC which is derived from cysts within the beetle picked up from rat faeces- give me the white powder of our probiotics anytime!!  Then there is always the option of fecal transplants – enough said!!

Hope to see you at the next seminar – the Essential Minerals, Toxic metals and Radiation and their involvement in all neurological diseases at the Arora Hotel Crawley on Saturday July 2nd followed on Sunday 3rd July with “The 7 Ages of Man (And Woman)” where we will discuss nutritional issues and requirements from cradle to grave. 

That’s all for now!

Best wishes


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